SYN: ice compress, ice cap, cold compress
from Hydrothermic Remedies...
The ice bag is another means of applying local cold to the skin. It should be filled with finely chopped ice so that it is about 2cm thick. The air is driven out by water. Then the cap is screwed on, the bag should hold its shape by reason of the predominance of ice. It is covered with a layer of face towel before it is applied to skin. Commonly the ice bag is not kept in place continuously, but is removed for 20 minutes after 20 minutes application. Specially shaped ice bags are mad for the spine, the neck (cravat) and head (ice cap).
A thick well-saturated woolen cloth placed next to the skin
- Local Sedative
- Depleting - if less than 12°C remove long enough to allow a complete reaction every 30 min. This allows a reactionary contraction of the vessels in the inflamed organ.
In continuous applications there is passive dilation due to numbness of the cutaneous nerves so no reflex stimulation.
from Dr JH Kellogg's Hydriatic Techniques...
Every 20min Dry Friction to reaction, except for superficial inflammations
- Local Inflammation
- Inflamed Haemorrhoids
- To Head in for Cerebral Irritability in
- To the length of the spine in Ataxia in Typhoid Fever
- Be careful not to injure the skin
- to stomach or spine opposite in Vomiting, Gastric Pain from
- to neck just above sternum, NOT chest with heat to back of chest in Asthma
- over Pelvic Inflammation with Hot Foot Bath
Usually over area - continue until no longer sensitive to pressure, use Fomentations instead of friction in...
- Inflamed Haemorrhoids
- Rectal Cancer
- Rectal Inflammation in ulcer
- To side of neck below jaw ie carotid, with heat to cheek in Toothache,
- With Fomentations to cheek and ear in Middle Ear Inflammation
- Over the stomach, Fomentations to back in Chronic Gastritis
- To head or spine and over heart in Production Fever
- To face and upper spine in
- To inner thigh, perineum, vagina, lumbar in
- To thighs, perineum, hypogastrium with Fomentations (10min) over lumbar in
over the wound - large, over whole part.
- To spine in Cold Extremities (legs)
- Over stomach ½ hour before meal in Anorexia
- Prolonged over the heart - Tachycardia with Low Blood Pressure
- To nasal mucosa and lips in Asphyxia in Drug Addictions
Where collateral hyperaemia may cause problems as in
- Inflamed muscles and joints
- Deep abscesses vascularly connected to the skin surface
- Parietal Pleurisy and Peritonitis
- Eyeball Inflammations
Most conditions where considerable pain is present.
from Dr GK Abbott's Prescriptions...
- Usually a rubber, ice filled bag covered with towel
- Can use ice pack (ice filled towel)
- Interrupt to prevent freezing and rub or apply Fomentations to renew local reaction.
Compresses and Packs
- Abdominal Heating Compress
- Alternate Compress
- Cooling Compress
- Cooling Coil
- Dry Abdominal Bandage
- Evaporating Compress
- Graduated Compress
- Head Alternate Applications
- Head Pack
- Heating Compress
- Heating Trunk Pack
- Hot Coil
- Hot Compress
- Hot Water Bottle
- Ice Bag
- Ice Cap
- Ice Collar
- Ice Compress
- Irrigated Compress
- Mustard Fomentation
- Neutral Compress
- Proximal Compress
- Revulsive Compress
- Scotch Compress
- Simultaneous Hot and Cold to Head
- Spinal Alternate Applications
- Spinal Pack
- Wet Girdle